The five-day Kindergarten program is a wonderful transition between the Montessori program and readiness for 1st grade. The Kindergarten student attends the 3-day Montessori schedule with two days of Kindergarten in preparation for 1st grade work. Parents of Montessori children who intend for them to continue into the Primary (K-2) program, are strongly advised to enroll five year olds in the full Kindergarten program for the best preparation for 1st grade.
Reading, writing, spelling, and arithmetic are the foundation upon which all other learning is built, and they are given the highest priority in K-2. The basic skills, work habits, and attitudes formed in the primary years are of critical importance.
Phonics and Reading
Phonics is the system of letter-sound association taught to children for the purposes of learning to read and spell. Phonics is most effective when taught systematically, thoroughly, and in a logical and time-tested sequence.
Our phonics instruction in kindergarten teaches correct pencil grip, manuscript form, consonant and short vowel sounds, three-letter word formation, consonant blends and long vowels/silent e. Common words, which do not fit into any word family, are introduced after students learn to blend three-letter words. Students learn to read in kindergarten using stories with a high percentage of phonetic words.
Phonics and spelling continue in 1st and 2nd grades with 1st graders continuing to develop reading comprehension with whole books, which captivate and motivate children and are preferable over basal readers. Teachers monitor student reading skills through daily oral reading of children’s classics. Spelling, penmanship, composition, and vocabulary lessons for each book are contained in Memoria Press study guides.
A rich language experience, provided both at home and in school, is an important factor in reading success. Students memorize poems and Scripture and enjoy children’s classics read by teachers and parents during read-aloud time.
Spelling and Printing
Students develop the visual memory for accurate spelling by a systematic study of phonics, word families, and spelling rules, and by a lifetime of seeing, reading, and writing words correctly. It is very important to reduce opportunities for children to write or see misspelled words; young students who are allowed to spell creatively or phonetically have a confused visual memory that is difficult to overcome.
Copybook is an exercise consisting of copying sayings, maxims, Scripture, and poetry in the student’s best handwriting. Copybook is an important step in developing good penmanship, punctuation, and spelling. Habits of good penmanship are instilled early and required at every grade level. The discipline of neat and legible handwriting is an aid to spelling and instills the value of accurate, careful work – an important academic skill that carries over into every aspect of learning. In the 1st and 2nd grades students continue to practice manuscript while also beginning cursive script. Cursive is required for written work in grades 3 and up.
Arithmetic Immediate recall of addition and subtraction facts through 18 is the focus in primary school. Number formation, counting, time, calendar, measurement, and money are the initial skills of K-2. In 2nd grade the students also begin multiplication with the 1x, 2x, 5x, and 10x facts. Students learn number sense by skip-counting, games, and drills, all of which make math time enjoyable.
Geography, History, and Science
The Read-Aloud Program consists of a set of thirty books, one set for each grade in K-2. These books provide a rich language experience for students, as each book is read aloud every day the class meets and is accompanied by oral questions and discussion. Students learn new and interesting words and delight in rhyme and word play. They learn about holidays, history, geography, science and more. The read-aloud books, which are beautiful in both art and language, were chosen after extensive research and reading.
K-2 students study globes and maps to learn continents, oceans, major countries, and basic geography terms. Second graders are introduced to states and capitals. In science, students learn about seasons, weather, and local flora and fauna.
Religion, Music and Art The Faith and Life religion texts are used and are supplemented with reading or listening to Bible stories, memorizing Scripture verses and prayers. Students receive music instruction including lessons in the basic elements of music, including ear training, note reading, bells and choral performance. In music appreciation, students are introduced to a well-known composers and music. Students draw and color every day in their composition books, illustrating copybook verses, poems, and composition lessons.